F1 News, Views and Reviews

Full List of FIA Changes and Cost Cutting Measures For 2009, 2010 and Onwards

The World Motor Sport Council met in Monaco on 12 December 2008. The following decisions were taken:


The following measures to reduce costs in Formula One have been agreed by the World Motor Sport Council. These proposed changes have the unanimous agreement of the Formula One teams, who have played a major role in their development. The FIA is grateful to the Formula One Teams’ Association (FOTA) and its Chairman Luca di Montezemolo for their incisive contribution.



Engine life to be doubled. Each driver will use a maximum of eight engines for the season plus four for testing (thus 20 per team).

Limit of 18,000 rpm.

No internal re-tuning. Adjustment to trumpets and injectors only.

The three-race rule voted on 5 November remains in force.

Cost of engines to independent teams will be approximately 50% of 2008 prices.

Unanimous agreement was reached on a list of proposed changes to the Renault engine for 2009; all other engines will remain unchanged. Comparative testing will not be necessary.


No in-season testing except during race weekend during scheduled practice.

Aerodynamic research

No wind tunnel exceeding 60% scale and 50 metres/sec to be used after 1 January 2009.

A formula to balance wind tunnel-based research against CFD research, if agreed between the teams, will be proposed to the FIA.

Factory activity

Factory closures for six weeks per year, to accord with local laws.

Race weekend

Manpower to be reduced by means of a number of measures, including sharing information on tyres and fuel to eliminate the need for “spotters”.

Sporting spectacle

Market research is being conducted to gauge the public reaction to a number of new ideas, including possible changes to qualifying and a proposal for the substitution of medals for points for the drivers. Proposals will be submitted to the FIA when the results of the market research are known.

Note: It is estimated that these changes for 2009 will save the manufacturer teams approximately 30% of their budgets compared to 2008, while the savings for independent teams will be even greater.


Power train

Engines will be available to the independent teams for less than €5 million per team per season. These will either come from an independent supplier or be supplied by the manufacturer teams backed by guarantees of continuity. If an independent supplier, the deal will be signed no later than 20 December 2008.

This same engine will continue to be used in 2011 and 2012 (thus no new engine for 2011).

Subject to confirmation of practicability, the same transmission will be used by all teams.


A list of all elements of the chassis will be prepared and a decision taken in respect of each element as to whether or not it will remain a performance differentiator (competitive element).

Some elements which remain performance differentiators will be homologated for the season.

Some elements will remain performance differentiators, but use inexpensive materials.

Elements which are not performance differentiators will be prescriptive and be obtained or manufactured in the most economical possible way.

Race weekend

Standardised radio and telemetry systems.

Ban on tyre warmers.

Ban on mechanical purging of tyres.

Ban on refueling.

Possible reduction in race distance or duration (proposal to follow market research).

Factory activity

Further restrictions on aerodynamic research.

Ban on tyre force rigs (other than vertical force rigs).

Full analysis of factory facilities with a view to proposing further restrictions on facilities.

Longer term

The FIA and FOTA will study the possibility of an entirely new power train for 2013 based on energy efficiency (obtaining more work from less energy consumed). Rules to be framed so as to ensure that research and development of such a power train would make a real contribution to energy-efficient road transport.

An enhanced Kinetic Energy Recovery System (KERS) system is likely to be a very significant element of an energy-efficient power train in the future. In the short term, KERS is part of the 2009 regulations, but is not compulsory. For 2010 FOTA is considering proposals for a standard KERS system. The FIA awaits proposals.

A number of further amendments were adopted for the 2009 and 2010 Sporting and Technical Regulations.



7 responses

  1. autopinionsbyvolk

    I really hope that these changes are going to move the sport forward, because they don’t seem like they can be reversed easily. The ones that I am most opposed to deal with the use of tire warmers and refueling, or the lack thereof. It seems to me that cold tires will be more detrimental to the sport because drivers will come onto the circuit without having had their tires at a workable temperature, and it could lead to more accidents – in fact, wasn’t this one of the reasons cited for Senna’s death, because his tires become cold after staying behind the safety car too long and then he had no grip? And I know that there were a lot of problems with the refueling rigs this last season, but refueling just adds that little bit more tension in the pits. Also, I don’t think the qualifying process the teams and the FIA are discussing right now would be any good, but what do I know? I’m just a fan of the sport.

    December 12, 2008 at 5:14 pm

  2. Im msust admit I am not particularly impressed with these changes, I think that they are going to be detrimental to the sport rather than improve it.

    I agree 100% about the tyres, and also if they were ever to bring the proposal (discussed in 2007) about abandoning the parade lap. Imagine this, we have drivers on the grid with COLD SLICKS. So they all pile into the first corner and there will almost certainly be an accident.

    Who knows, maybe it will work, but as a fan and as the writer of this publication, maybe I wont be around long enough to find out.

    December 13, 2008 at 10:57 am

  3. Pingback: F1’s New Rules…my thoughts « MotorsportF1Media Updates

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  5. Good site.. will definitely come back again.

    May 20, 2009 at 6:59 pm

  6. dave

    so far looking at the new rules i think its gonna be a really bad season.

    if they all have the same limit on revs and all use the same gearboxes and if the engine limits are still the same then what is the point of having different companies making engines as they will all end up being the same output?

    with less aero work then cars im sure will be less sure footed so combine that with the motor limits and no refueling , will there be any postion changes after the first lap ?

    June 26, 2009 at 3:40 pm

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